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Global catalysts are technological and socioeconomic forces that change the shape of the global economy, compelling companies and public entities to adapt.  How can organizations parse through the flood of information to identify the non-core developments with the potential for system-wide effect?

Change Is Not Linear

Markets change in steps. Incremental improvements occur over time, eventually culminating in a transformation to a new paradigm. The time between paradigm shifts is shorter in some industries than others. Media has transformed from radio to TV to internet in a shorter time frame than naval locomotion transformed from sail, to coal, to oil — but in both cases these transformations changed the world.

Identifying the catalysts that ignite these transformations is an existential task for large organizations, as most will fail or be severely diminished during these periods. This is a challenge in the current environment of information overload and media hysteria – and because many of these catalysts arise from fields outside an organization’s core focus.

Leverage the catalyst framework that we have created to identify these transformational developments and how they spill over to affect strategy and decision-making in other industries and regions.

Strategic Context

World populations are increasingly moving to urban centers, dramatically increasing population densities in cities worldwide. The result of these pressures is more large cities and mega-cities worldwide, which creates a new set of transportation, sanitation, and infrastructure requirements for cities, and changes market dynamics for companies. New technologies, processes, products, and engineering solutions will be created to address the unique issues resulting from the unprecedented rate and scale of urbanization that is happening now.

The continued development and eventual widespread adoption of 3D printing will change the shape of global trade. A significant portion of global shipping is predicated on the low-end manufacturing model, where simple items (door hinges) and subcomponents for more complex products (iPhones) are produced wherever in the world they can be made most cheaply, then shipped to an assembly facility or directly to consumer markets. Additive manufacturing will decrease the cost variance between manufacturing items locally and in developing markets, incentivizing more localized or regionalized manufacturing.

Technology has historically been a dual-edged sword, providing new tools for destruction alongside improvements for health and quality of life. The next iteration of transformational technologies will be no different, and will create new and exacerbate old global security challenges. In the modern world of asymmetric conflict and shortening cycles of innovation, it is critical that national security organizations worldwide be proactive to ensure that they stay ahead of widely available disruptive technologies. The consequences for failing to innovate, even for a few years, are greater now than ever before.

Declining birth rates in developed economies are leading to aging and shrinking populations on a sustained basis for the first time since the Black Death in the 14th century. This impacts consumption patterns and service requirements, and skews social systems based on having many workers available to support each retiree. Machine learning and AI technologies are nearing an inflection point, which allows software and robotics to replace workers in more advanced roles than ever before. The convergence of these factors will impact all developed-world citizens, companies who employ people and sell goods, and governments at all levels.

There are several important technologies that are maturing after decades of development which we anticipate will have broad, system-wide impacts. While many interesting technologies are introduced each year, we are focused on those that affect basic human needs and interaction protocols. Among these technologies are genomics, biotechnology, machine learning, augmented reality, blockchain, and robotics.


The nature and value of work is changing as a result of converging demographic, socioeconomic, and technological forces, creating new challenges for leaders.


The increasing transition from traditional to additive and autonomous manufacturing represents a fundamental shift that will alter global trade, with significant economic and political implications.


Cities worldwide are transforming as a result of global urbanization pressures, the transportation revolution, and new forms of technology-enabled infrastructure, creating new opportunities and challenges for business and city leaders.


Global energy dynamics are poised to shift as battery technology enables renewables to become economically viable without government subsidies, with financial impacts that cascade far beyond the energy sector.


The accelerating pace of change enabled by computers and software is creating an environment where technology outpaces the adaptability of our business, political, and social institutions, which will continue to create and destroy industries.